Amazing Machu Picchu Tour

Amazing Machu Picchu Tour

Discover the Amazing Machupicchu: It comes from the terms Machu (ancient) Picchu (Cerro), located 120 km from CUZCO, Peru, is the icon par excellence of the Inca civilization. Nestled on top of a cliff at an altitude of 2430 m above sea level and 400 m above the Urubamba River (Sacred Valley), the city of Amazing Machu Picchu has become world famous not only because it is a sample of Inca urbanism that has survived almost intact to the Colonial Inca destruction, but because it combines at the same time a meticulous and colossal constructive technique, a knowledge of the geological and environmental properties of the place, a master’s degree in the development of fine architecture and, above all, an impressive notion of Integration with the surrounding landscape. This reputation has earned him to be designated Cultural and Natural heritage of humanity by the UNECO in 1983 and to be chosen as one of the 7 Wonders of the World Amazing Machu Picchu Tour.

Although Enrique Palma, Gabino Sánchez and Agustín Lizárraga arrived at the ruins of Amazing Machu Picchu Tour in 1906 was the North American professor Hiram Bingham who, along with a small expedition to Peru discovered the Inca city Machupicchu for the world in 1911, thanks To the support of Yale University and then its dissemination through National Geographic magazine. However, Bingham also took about 5000 objects from the Inca city Machupicchu to Yale, which have been returned one hundred years later – Tour Peru.

Location of the Amazing Machu Picchu Tour:

The Urubamba River (Sacred Valley) meanders and forms a closed curve when you reach the Cerro Machu Picchu Tour. This one and the Huayna (young) Pic Chu (Hill) forms a “C”, having in front of the hill Putucusi and Sachapata. These mountains, which form abrupt abysses, are surrounded by mountain ranges that make up at the same time a majestic landscape and an impassable barrier. The beauty of such a scenario coupled with the religious properties that the Incas conferred on him impressed Pachacuti, the monarch architect of the Empire, who ordered here, in a difficult site, the construction of the urban complex (Sacred Valley).

Machupicchu Tour Urban Pattern:

As well as the layout of the city of Cuzco, capital of the Inca Empire, had the shape of a puma, for researchers like the Elorrieta brothers, the urban pattern of Machu Picchu Tour symbolized a condor in flight. Fernando Cabieses, for his part, maintains that Machu Picchu Tour expresses the conception of the three worlds of the Inca cosmogony: Hanan Pacha (Top world), Kay Pacha (center World) and Urin Pacha (World below).

There are discrepancies as to their function. For some, like Luis E. Valcárcel-Tour Peru, it was a fortress; Hiram Bingham thought it was a retreat area for the virgins of the sun; Kauffmann Doig-Travel Peru, supposed to be an advanced location and strategic control of conquered lands; Some considered it a refuge of the Inca in case of an invasion and others like a center of rest and sacred worship for the Monarch-Va. But in what most experts agree that it was a llacta or town composed of two sectors: agricultural and urban, both separated by a wall of 500 meters long and a dry moat, which would have been a water collector. The urban sector was home to a mobile population of between 300 and 1000 inhabitants. Chávez Ballon (1961 travel peru) proposed the division of the urban area into two sectors: Hanan (alto) and Urin (low), according to the Andean tradition, organized on the sides of a long square.

Sector Hanan Amazing

The Temple of the Sun – Amazing Machu Picchu tour:

F. Kauffman – Travel Peru, proposed that this structure known as “The Tower” would have been a “cult construction, curve, perhaps in allusion to the sea snail (Strombus) with which it evoked the water.” However, as Prof. Arq. Ricardo Cruz – Travel Peru notes, most experts agree that this would have been an important temple in Machu Picchu tour, that is to say the shrine to the sun – sacred valley. The semicircular figure building surrounds the sacred stone or huaca, emerging from it. It has two windows, marked with stone protuberances on its external facade, directed towards the solstices of winter and summer – sacred valley. During these dates, the sun enters through the windows, striking the surface of the sacred Inca rock. Under the temple there is a tomb in which Hiram Bingham found the remains of a mummy facing east, so it is associated with the winter solstice or Inti Raymi in the city of Cusco every year. Since this enclosure is finely carved and at the entrance is the stepped symbol that represents the connection between the three worlds, the tomb can be interpreted as an entrance to the world below or Urin Pacha.

Real Residence of Machu Picchu Tours:

It is a set of buildings dedicated to housing, of fine masonry, located between the Temple of the Sun and the Sacred Plaza. It communicates with the Temple of the Sun through a large stairway, perpendicular to the main square. He also had immediate access to the first of the water sources, indicating the importance of this building.

Sacred Square of Machu Picchu Tours:

Surrounded by the most important buildings of the complex, the Sacred Plaza was a space where particular ceremonies were carried out and the evidences indicate its use for different rituals. In this space, three main elements of the Inca city of Machupicchu stand out:

  • Tour of the Templo Mayor
  • Tour of the Temple of the Three Windows
  • Tour of the sacristy

The Intihuatana of Machu Picchu Tour:

This sector, is a set of terraces that form a polygonal base pyramid, which is accessed through two stairs, which served for the observation of the stars and their use in agricultural and magico-religious calendars. The most important element of this area is the Intihuatana whose name (suggested by Bingham) means “moor the sun”, a polyhedral structure whose various planes represent the Mother Earth goddess and could be related to the surrounding mountains. These culminate in a granite block whose sides are oriented to the cardinal points. It was probably an important observatory during the summer solstice or Capac Raymi.

Urin Sector Amazing:

The Sacred Rock of Machu Picchu Tour:

In one of the most remarkable evidences of the close symbolic and religious relationship of the Inca urban group and its landscape environment. The rocky mass of 7 m long and 3 m high whose flat face faces the square imitates the profile of the mountain in front, the Apu Yanantin. A similar case can be found in the sector of the sources in Ollantaytambo.

Group of the Three Doors in Machu Picchu Tour:

This area is formed by kanchas or rectangular enclosures accessed through three double-jamb doors. The finish of the masonry is not as fine as that of the area opposite, so it is presumed that it belonged to a lower social class.

Grupo del Cóndor at Machu Picchu Tour:

The Temple of the Condor is an impressive example of Inca masonry integrated into its natural environment, created from a rock formation that resembles the wings of a condor in flight. Facing them is the head of the bird with its characteristic necklace, carved in rock. It has been speculated if this could have been an altar of sacrifices. Under the wings of the condor there is a cave, where a mummy was found.

Architecture of Amazing Machu Picchu Tour:

The basic module of the rectangular floor kancha with a gable roof is repeated as a basic element of composition, varying according to the topography or the functions it served. The stone walls have a slight inclination that gives them anti-seismic properties. The doors, windows and trapezoidal niches are typical. Huge blocks were carved with rocks from the river (they did not use steel or iron chisels) and assembled perfectly. The quality of the finishes varies between buildings and sometimes between parts of the same building.

Landscaping of the Amazing Machu Picchu Tour:

Gary Ziegler and J. McKim Malvilla have developed research on the symbolic significance of the landscape and the environment for the inhabitants of Machu Picchu. His most important observations related to the landscape are:

a) Lithic sculptures such as those found in the upper part of the agricultural area and that of the Sacred Rock represent the Yanatin hill, through which important access routes passed.

b) The sequence of approach to the whole through monumental doors, the framed views of the Huaynapicchu and Putucusi hills and the entrance to the Sacred Plaza suggest a studied visual relationship between the sacred elements of the landscape and the use of roads as paths for important processions.

c) Many of the buildings have an alignment that coincides with the solar orientation in the azimuth of the winter solstice (65 degrees), with the azimuth of the summer solstice (112 degrees) or the sunset of the summer solstice (245 degrees). These observations confirm that a series of astronomical calculations occurred at the time of urban planning, as well as the sacred character of the city.

d) The importance of the Llactapata sector in the hill of the Huaynapicchu mountain, to which many structures were oriented, such as the temple of the three windows, for example. There are also representations of Machu Picchu in the Huaynapicchu mountain, as in the temple of the moon, for example.

 

Peru Travel Guide

Peru Travel Guide – Travel Agency in Cusco – Peru Tour

Oh, a travel to Peru. Must be seen to be believed. Open your eyes, suddenly wake up in Machu Picchu, eternal inka city, declared now as one of the seven wonders of the modern world, it is a dream that every person should fulfill. How to plant a tree, write a book, and have a child … know Machu Picchu (and discover the Incredible Peru).

Oh, Peru an incredible travel destination. A country with 10 thousand years of history. It was the seat of the fabulous Inca empire. But long before that, ancient civilizations bequeathed to the world superb examples of a glorious past like Caral; the royal tombs of Sipan, the most lavish burial of America; the enigmatic Nasca lines; and the portentous fortress of Kuélap inka.

TRAVEL PACKAGES TO PERU: DESTINATION TO MACHU PICCHU BY TRAIN

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TRAVEL PACKAGES TO PERU: DESTINATION TO MACHU PICCHU BY BUS / CAR

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TOUR MACHU PICCHU BY CAR 2DAYS AND 1NIGHT DESCRIPTION OF YOUR TOUR: A day before the tour will have a meeting in the office or the hotel to provide all the detailed information about the tour to Machu Picchu by ...
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ESSENTIAL PERU TRAVEL TIPS:

Cultural & History Peru Tour

Peru is rich in culture and history and boasts the capital of the Inca Empire, Cuzco, as well as the spectacular city in the sky, Machu Picchu. The Peruvian Amazon Rainforest is home to some of the most varied wildlife in the world. The beautiful Lake Titicaca, legendary birthplace of the Incas, is worth visiting to see traditional reeds craftsmen and weavers. View our most requested Peru tours or create a custom trip to Peru today.

When to Visit Peru Tour:

During the months, May – September, Peru has their “dry season.” The dry season is considered to be the best time to visit Peru. By May, the rain has started to cease in the Andes and Peru becomes a destination for adventures. The sun shines a little brighter, and the sky becomes a little bluer. With hot shimmering days and cool crisp nights, tourists enjoy boating trips on Lake Titicaca, trekking passed snowcapped mountains, and hiking the Inca Trail. During these months, it’s considered winter. And winter in Cusco is beautiful. The weather is dry, and the streets are full of vibrant outdoor festivals. It’s a perfect time to take a walking tour through the city or make your way to Machu Picchu. June and August are typically the most popular months to travel to Peru.

Passport Requirements Travel Peru:

Most travelers, including citizens of the US, Canada, Australia, Japan, Malaysia, the European Union, and Singapore, only need a valid passport (minimum of 6 months validity) to enter Peru. Upon arrival,
you will receive a tourist visa, valid for 90 days. Always check with the Peruvian Consulate in your area.

Recommended Food & Drinks – Travel Peru:

Eating local foods enhances your cultural experience and your taste buds. While in Peru, eat at a local restaurant rather than an overpriced one on the main streets. Some must-eats in Peru are ceviche, lomo saltado, and for the bold and brave, guinea pig. For a night out in Lima, head to Central. It has been rated among the top restaurants in Latin America year after year. This Avant Garde Peruvian-style cuisine is not only pleasing to the taste buds, but to the eyes as well.

National Cocktail – Peru Travel:

The Pisco Sour is by far one of the most popular drinks in Peru. This explains why both Peru and Chile claim it as their national drink. However, Peru’s version of the Pisco Sour is more traditional. The Peruvian Pisco Sour is made with 1.5 ounces of Pisco, 1 ounce of lime juice, simple syrup, egg white and Angostura bitters. The Pisco Sour pairs well with ceviche.

 

THE HIGHLIGHTS OF PERU TRAVEL

The Peruvian Amazon Rainforest:

Although Brazil has the lion’s share of the Amazon Rainforest, the eastern side of Peru cradles thick rainforest vegetation and Amazon River tributaries that beckon the traveler to explore its many oxbow lakes, winding rivers, and crisscrossing trails.

There are three main rainforest areas in Peru, the northernmost Iquitos, the south-central Manú, and the southern Puerto Maldonado where the Tambopato and the Madre de Dios Rivers collide. You may see pink river dolphins, river otters, caiman, hoatzins, Andean cock-of-the-rock, sloths, monkeys, parrots, macaws and so much more.

Choose between staying at an Amazon Lodge or taking an Amazon River Cruise. Stay in luxurious accommodations, or take the most authentic route and sleep in an open air lodge. Both options provide ample opportunities to discover the sights, sounds, and smells of the jungle. The lodges and cruises all have expert Amazon Travel Guides, to ensure you get the most out of your Amazon adventure.

Tour The Sacred Valley of the Incas:

From Pisac, Chinchero, Maras, Moray, & Ollantaytambo to Llactapata, Wiñaywayna, and Machu Picchu, the Sacred Valley of the Incas was dotted with tambos (rest stops) and small farm villages. Many surmise that the Inca Trail led through the Sacred Valley to Machu Picchu because the site was one of vital religious significance.

The Pisac Market is worth visiting both for its agricultural terraces and its open-air market. This is a great place to buy colorful textiles, alpaca sweaters and other fun souvenirs for your friends and family.

During your trip, add a visit to Maras and Moray to see more impressive Inca agricultural terraces and salt mine terraces. Stop in Ollantaytambo to climb the massive terraces on a hilltop hovering over the quaint town.

Spend the night in the town of Ollantaytambo, which has been in operation since the time of the Incas. This is a great starting point for your trip to Machu Picchu. Wake up early and continue through the Sacred Valley by train. As the train whisks you along the Urubamba River to Aguas Calientes, your final town before Machu Picchu. If you prefer trekking, Ollantaytambo is where the Inca Trek starts.

Tour Puno – Lake Titicaca – Birthplace of the Inca Empire:

Legend has it that the god Viracocha created humanity here. Manco Capac, the first Inca, was born out of the reeds of Lake Titicaca, and given the task to carry a golden staff until it sank into the ground in Cusco, where he established his empire inca.

Tour Puno – Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable body of water in the world and it sits between Peru and Bolivia. Along the Peruvian side, sits Puno. Depart from the shores of Puno early in the morning and go on a tour to the floating reed islands. Here you will meet the Uru people, who to this day still live on the lake in handcrafted floating islands made from the totora reeds that grows on the shore. They plant crops on the islands, fish, and weave colorful and intricate clothing. In recent years, the Uru people have sustained themselves by selling textiles and handicrafts to visitors.

You can also visit Taquille and Amantani, two larger islands on Lake Titicaca. Go on a guided tour to the island and learn about the local traditions while enjoying an authentic lunch. The largest island on the lake is Isla del Sol on the Bolivian side. Both pre-Inca and Inca ruins are scattered about the island. Stroll along the hilly island and gaze out at the crystal-blue waters stretching in all directions.

Travel to Machu Picchu:

Nestled in the cloud forest on the edge of the Peruvian Amazon, the stone city of Machu Picchu is situated in one of the most verdant and dramatic landscapes in Peru. Indeed, many experts on Machu Piccho believe that the Inca city was deliberately placed deep in the forests, atop luminous granite mountains, for religious purposes.

There is something breathtaking when you arrive to Machu Picchu early in the morning, when the mist still shrouds the city and the surrounding mountains. The agricultural terraces built on the side of the mountain seem to fall off into infinity. The giant walls made of precisely cut Inca stones are the best remaining examples of Inca stonework. And the granite peak of Huaynu Picchu looms over it all, beckoning more adventurous travelers to scale its vertiginous cliff.

When traveling to Machu Picchu, try to get there early and beat the crowds. Take a picture from the Funerary Rock Hut, also known as Watchman’s Hut, search for the Royal Tomb, or walk to the Inti Punku Sun Gate, which is the end of the Inca Trail. Trekkers who want an additional challenge should reserve a ticket to hike to Huaynapicchu – this must be done in advance. The hike takes about 2 hours, and although some parts are steep with narrow stone staircases, the view of Machu Picchu below is stunning.

Travel Lima – The City of Kings:

Lima, the capital of Peru, is a burgeoning metropolis with a population of over 9 million. Visitors to Lima flock to the posh seaside neighborhoods of Miraflores and Barranco. Dotted with parks and open spaces, these neighborhoods offer quiet respite from the frantic cajoling of buses, taxis, and peddlers on the city streets.

The hub of activity centers in the Ovalo Miraflores, where huge department stores loom over backpacker hostels and churches. Stroll by the shops on Larco street until the buildings give way to a lush open green, the glossy high-rise JW Marriot, and the crystalline Pacific Ocean. Here is Larcomar, where para-gliders launch off the Costa Verde cliffs and wave hello to shoppers and diners nestled in
the Larcomar shopping center Spend the evening in El Centro, the historic, district, where the Plaza de Armas is lit up beautifully at night. Much of the architecture has been wonderfully preserved, including the Cathedral, several museums, monasteries, and colonial mansions. The Monastery of San Francisco is a must-see, with its centuries-old library and the Well of Souls deep in its catacombs.

Travel to Cusco Traditionals:

The Incas called Cusco “the Navel of the Universe,” and from here, they ruled a vast empire that stretched from south of Peru to Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina, and north of Peru to Ecuador and parts of Colombia. The Spanish conquistadors, busy razing the Mayan Empire in Mexico, caught wind of a great empire in Peru that had rich mines of gold and silver. The conquistadores arrived in 1532 and by
1533, the Inca leader Manco was fighting a losing battle against the Spanish and fled into the jungle beyond Cusco and the Sacred Valley.

Even after the colonization of Cusco, several earthquakes, and the modernization of many of its buildings, Cusco retains several of its important Inca structures – albeit many are merely the foundations for later Spanish structures or recent posh hotels. Even still, it’s possible to see some of the former grandeur of the Inca capital, such as the 12-sided stone on Hatun Rumiyoc street.

Northern Peru Travel – Trujillo, Cajamarca & Kuelap:

Visit Peru’s pre-Inca archaeological treasure trove: Trujillo, Cajamarca, Chiclayo & Kuelap. The Inca Empire met its fate in Cajamarca, the coastal city where the last Inca Atahualpa was captured, held for ransom, and then executed by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. Atahualpa claimed his empire could fill a room once with gold and twice with silver. The Inca people stripped many lavishly decorated temples to bring the precious metals to the feet of the Spanish. The Spanish received the
ransom, but reneged on their promise to release the Inca. The alleged Ransom Room is still standing in Cajamarca today.

The fascinating history of northwestern Peru goes back further than the 16th century. Pre-Inca people known as the Chavin, Moche, Chimu, and others thrived in the region, leaving behind intricate artwork, impressive sculptures, and many religious and civic buildings in the dry coastal desert of northern Peru. Highlights on the Trujillo Circuit tour include a visit to the Moche Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon, the “El Brujo” complex built by the Moche people, and the royal tombs and museums of Sipan and Sican. Many of these sites were only discovered in the 1980s and 1990s. Another important archaeological site is Kuelap, home of a stone fortress built on a hilltop near Chachapoyas in northern Peru. Tucked into the cloud forest, the Kuelap fortress is an impressive preInca site worth exploring for its aqueducts, well-preserved walls, and distinctive turrets.

Travel to Arequipa:

Arequipa sits at the foot of El Misti Volcano, located high in the southern deserts of Peru. This city was an important juncture on the colonial trade routes from Lima to Santiago and beyond. travel to Arequipa was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has preserved much of its colonial architecture including the Cathedral de San Francisco, La Compañía de Jesús Church, and the Santa Catalina Convent. Arequipa has a special old-world charm with its archways, brightly painted buildings, Spanish-style Plaza de Armas, and the Santa Catalina monastery in existence since the 16th century.

The Colca Canyon – Travel Arequipa:

Miles beyond Arequipa lies the Colca Canyon, a gaping gorge that could swallow the Grand Canyon in one gulp. Here Andean condors soar the thermals above the canyon. At the Mirador lookout, visitors can oftentimes watch these condors in flight. Dotted with small Andean villages, the Colca Valley features many agricultural terraces that the local people continue to farm in the tradition of the Incas.

SIX THINGS TO DO IN PERU TRAVEL:

1. Visit the Plaza de Armas in the Historic District – Lima:

Today, Pizarro’s tomb lies in the Lima Cathedral. The heavy-handed influence of the Spanish colonial era is evident in the historic district of the city, called El Centro Historico. The Plaza de Armas, or the Main Square, is a lovely place to spend an afternoon, whether people-watching or witnessing the Changing of the Guard at the Palacio Gobierno, or Government Palace. The Palace is decorated in a lavish French neobaroque style, with wrought iron gates and ornate facades. Sit on the steps of the Cathedral and admire its soaring front doors, called La Portada de Perdon, or Doorway of Forgiveness.

2. Visit the Second Home of Victor Delfin & Parke del Amo:

The Peruvian sculptor and artist Victor Delfin has produced many works of art that have placed modern Peruvian art in the international art scene. Perhaps his most notable of works is the Parke del Amor, or Park of Love, located just north of Larcomar.

3. Go Para-gliding Over the Costa Verde:

While you’re near the coast of Lima, you’re sure to see para-gliders riding the drafts that come off the Pacific and hit the jutting cliff side.

5. Drink a Pisco Sour in Plaza San Martin:

From the Plaza de Armas, you can walk along Jr. de La Union Street Towards Plaza San Martin. The Jr. de La Union Street was once full of churches, elegant homes, and small shops, as evidenced by the ornate facades on the top level of the buildings. Later, head to Hotel Bolivar and order a Pisco Sour from this 20th century establishment that has earned the reputation of being both elegant and reliable when it comes to pouring a perfect Pisco Sour.

4. See the Well of Souls at the Monastery of San Francisco:

The San Francisco Monastery is located near the Plaza de Armas, and is worth visiting even if this is the only church you see while in Lima. This baroque-style church painted is often lined with pigeons
sitting among the concave ridges in the facade. Inside is one of the most impressive library collections in the Americas along with a picturesque courtyard.

6. Dine in the Huaca Pucllana Restaurant and see the Ruins:

Well before the time of the Incas, ancient people called the Lima gave the land it’s name. They built large temples like the Huaca Pucllana. Located in the Miraflores District, the sandy dirt and adobe bricks of the pre-Inca temple are surrounded on all sides by suburban homes. After dark, the ruins are lit up beautifully and the adjacent 5 star restaurant enjoys a direct view of the ruins. Dine on aji de gallina, a Peruvian specialty, or a number of other delectable dishes.