Amazing Machu Picchu Tour
Discover the Amazing Machupicchu: It comes from the terms Machu (ancient) Picchu (Cerro), located 120 km from CUZCO, Peru, is the icon par excellence of the Inca civilization. Nestled on top of a cliff at an altitude of 2430 m above sea level and 400 m above the Urubamba River (Sacred Valley), the city of Amazing Machu Picchu has become world famous not only because it is a sample of Inca urbanism that has survived almost intact to the Colonial Inca destruction, but because it combines at the same time a meticulous and colossal constructive technique, a knowledge of the geological and environmental properties of the place, a master’s degree in the development of fine architecture and, above all, an impressive notion of Integration with the surrounding landscape. This reputation has earned him to be designated Cultural and Natural heritage of humanity by the UNECO in 1983 and to be chosen as one of the 7 Wonders of the World Amazing Machu Picchu Tour.
Although Enrique Palma, Gabino Sánchez and Agustín Lizárraga arrived at the ruins of Amazing Machu Picchu Tour in 1906 was the North American professor Hiram Bingham who, along with a small expedition to Peru discovered the Inca city Machupicchu for the world in 1911, thanks To the support of Yale University and then its dissemination through National Geographic magazine. However, Bingham also took about 5000 objects from the Inca city Machupicchu to Yale, which have been returned one hundred years later – Tour Peru.
Location of the Amazing Machu Picchu Tour:
The Urubamba River (Sacred Valley) meanders and forms a closed curve when you reach the Cerro Machu Picchu Tour. This one and the Huayna (young) Pic Chu (Hill) forms a “C”, having in front of the hill Putucusi and Sachapata. These mountains, which form abrupt abysses, are surrounded by mountain ranges that make up at the same time a majestic landscape and an impassable barrier. The beauty of such a scenario coupled with the religious properties that the Incas conferred on him impressed Pachacuti, the monarch architect of the Empire, who ordered here, in a difficult site, the construction of the urban complex (Sacred Valley).
Machupicchu Tour Urban Pattern:
As well as the layout of the city of Cuzco, capital of the Inca Empire, had the shape of a puma, for researchers like the Elorrieta brothers, the urban pattern of Machu Picchu Tour symbolized a condor in flight. Fernando Cabieses, for his part, maintains that Machu Picchu Tour expresses the conception of the three worlds of the Inca cosmogony: Hanan Pacha (Top world), Kay Pacha (center World) and Urin Pacha (World below).
There are discrepancies as to their function. For some, like Luis E. Valcárcel-Tour Peru, it was a fortress; Hiram Bingham thought it was a retreat area for the virgins of the sun; Kauffmann Doig-Travel Peru, supposed to be an advanced location and strategic control of conquered lands; Some considered it a refuge of the Inca in case of an invasion and others like a center of rest and sacred worship for the Monarch-Va. But in what most experts agree that it was a llacta or town composed of two sectors: agricultural and urban, both separated by a wall of 500 meters long and a dry moat, which would have been a water collector. The urban sector was home to a mobile population of between 300 and 1000 inhabitants. Chávez Ballon (1961 travel peru) proposed the division of the urban area into two sectors: Hanan (alto) and Urin (low), according to the Andean tradition, organized on the sides of a long square.
Sector Hanan Amazing
The Temple of the Sun – Amazing Machu Picchu tour:
F. Kauffman – Travel Peru, proposed that this structure known as “The Tower” would have been a “cult construction, curve, perhaps in allusion to the sea snail (Strombus) with which it evoked the water.” However, as Prof. Arq. Ricardo Cruz – Travel Peru notes, most experts agree that this would have been an important temple in Machu Picchu tour, that is to say the shrine to the sun – sacred valley. The semicircular figure building surrounds the sacred stone or huaca, emerging from it. It has two windows, marked with stone protuberances on its external facade, directed towards the solstices of winter and summer – sacred valley. During these dates, the sun enters through the windows, striking the surface of the sacred Inca rock. Under the temple there is a tomb in which Hiram Bingham found the remains of a mummy facing east, so it is associated with the winter solstice or Inti Raymi in the city of Cusco every year. Since this enclosure is finely carved and at the entrance is the stepped symbol that represents the connection between the three worlds, the tomb can be interpreted as an entrance to the world below or Urin Pacha.
Real Residence of Machu Picchu Tours:
It is a set of buildings dedicated to housing, of fine masonry, located between the Temple of the Sun and the Sacred Plaza. It communicates with the Temple of the Sun through a large stairway, perpendicular to the main square. He also had immediate access to the first of the water sources, indicating the importance of this building.
Sacred Square of Machu Picchu Tours:
Surrounded by the most important buildings of the complex, the Sacred Plaza was a space where particular ceremonies were carried out and the evidences indicate its use for different rituals. In this space, three main elements of the Inca city of Machupicchu stand out:
- Tour of the Templo Mayor
- Tour of the Temple of the Three Windows
- Tour of the sacristy
The Intihuatana of Machu Picchu Tour:
This sector, is a set of terraces that form a polygonal base pyramid, which is accessed through two stairs, which served for the observation of the stars and their use in agricultural and magico-religious calendars. The most important element of this area is the Intihuatana whose name (suggested by Bingham) means “moor the sun”, a polyhedral structure whose various planes represent the Mother Earth goddess and could be related to the surrounding mountains. These culminate in a granite block whose sides are oriented to the cardinal points. It was probably an important observatory during the summer solstice or Capac Raymi.
Urin Sector Amazing:
The Sacred Rock of Machu Picchu Tour:
In one of the most remarkable evidences of the close symbolic and religious relationship of the Inca urban group and its landscape environment. The rocky mass of 7 m long and 3 m high whose flat face faces the square imitates the profile of the mountain in front, the Apu Yanantin. A similar case can be found in the sector of the sources in Ollantaytambo.
Group of the Three Doors in Machu Picchu Tour:
This area is formed by kanchas or rectangular enclosures accessed through three double-jamb doors. The finish of the masonry is not as fine as that of the area opposite, so it is presumed that it belonged to a lower social class.
Grupo del Cóndor at Machu Picchu Tour:
The Temple of the Condor is an impressive example of Inca masonry integrated into its natural environment, created from a rock formation that resembles the wings of a condor in flight. Facing them is the head of the bird with its characteristic necklace, carved in rock. It has been speculated if this could have been an altar of sacrifices. Under the wings of the condor there is a cave, where a mummy was found.
Architecture of Amazing Machu Picchu Tour:
The basic module of the rectangular floor kancha with a gable roof is repeated as a basic element of composition, varying according to the topography or the functions it served. The stone walls have a slight inclination that gives them anti-seismic properties. The doors, windows and trapezoidal niches are typical. Huge blocks were carved with rocks from the river (they did not use steel or iron chisels) and assembled perfectly. The quality of the finishes varies between buildings and sometimes between parts of the same building.
Landscaping of the Amazing Machu Picchu Tour:
Gary Ziegler and J. McKim Malvilla have developed research on the symbolic significance of the landscape and the environment for the inhabitants of Machu Picchu. His most important observations related to the landscape are:
a) Lithic sculptures such as those found in the upper part of the agricultural area and that of the Sacred Rock represent the Yanatin hill, through which important access routes passed.
b) The sequence of approach to the whole through monumental doors, the framed views of the Huaynapicchu and Putucusi hills and the entrance to the Sacred Plaza suggest a studied visual relationship between the sacred elements of the landscape and the use of roads as paths for important processions.
c) Many of the buildings have an alignment that coincides with the solar orientation in the azimuth of the winter solstice (65 degrees), with the azimuth of the summer solstice (112 degrees) or the sunset of the summer solstice (245 degrees). These observations confirm that a series of astronomical calculations occurred at the time of urban planning, as well as the sacred character of the city.
d) The importance of the Llactapata sector in the hill of the Huaynapicchu mountain, to which many structures were oriented, such as the temple of the three windows, for example. There are also representations of Machu Picchu in the Huaynapicchu mountain, as in the temple of the moon, for example.